Please share your vision for the future. What is happening in the world of technology right now and how will it affect the future?
Nikolay: I am a techno-optimist, and we believe that any problems of humanity can be solved with technology. Right now, perhaps the biggest technological revolution of our century is taking place. Yuval Harari put it very well: "Language is the operating system of humanity. Everything that humanity has created over tens of thousands of years of history is described by language, and there is no element that cannot be expressed in words." Now AI has hacked the operating system of humanity, and because of this, we can place AI in any point of the human ecosystem. We can use algorithms anywhere to simplify people's lives.
The benefits of AI are reaped by all of humanity, as businesses and employees become more efficient, we lower prices and increase the value we produce. We optimize logistics better, burn fewer resources, and learn more easily.
However, the business win will be distributed unevenly. AI allows you to reinvent your own business almost from scratch, working on the principle of first principal thinking, which I talked about earlier. And the speed at which changes occur now decides what your market share will be. This is one of the reasons why we wanted to create the program. I love to give the relative experiment as an example. Imagine we are looking at the lumberjack market in the 19th century, people are chopping wood with axes and selling it, making boards out of it. And suddenly 25% of the lumberjacks have chainsaws, and 5% of these chainsaw lumberjacks have made combines that automatically stack the boards. The price of wood will then plummet, people with combines will occupy 70% of the market, lumberjacks with chainsaws will have 20% of the market, and everyone else will be jostling in the remaining 10% of niche markets. Wood is a limited resource, so at some point the price will go back up. But at that moment you can completely rebuild the market, and those businesses that are now quicker to orient themselves and better reinvent themselves using new technologies will be able to seriously occupy the market.
There is a belief that with the development of AI, people will be left without work, there will be no money, and violence will begin. I think that people will not be left without work, because the work will simply be redistributed. Some companies will lose market share and lay off people, while some will increase demand and they will hire people. I think structural unemployment is likely, which will be due to the transition from one industry to another.
If there is something that public institutions really should do in the next 10-15 years, it is to engage in education. Our education system is not ready now, it continues to teach hard skills, while it is important to teach creating something new. Because now, when we look at the labor market, it is difficult to predict what will happen to it, because the volume of changes is huge. It is impossible to know everything here. Talking about the program, we build content in such a way as not to give people a playbook, a ready-made book with solutions, because no one knows what is right. We want to give a framework, a system of how to think, so that from this they can already assemble ready-made solutions.